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双宾语动词to和for口诀

2019-12-02 14:13:57文/叶丹

双宾语动词to和for口诀:七给一带to很多,买画制造for来了。带双宾语的及物动词,假设把直接宾语置于直接宾语之前,必须在变换时加to或for。

双宾语动词to和for口诀

带双宾语动词记忆口诀

11个及物动词口诀:“七给”一“带”to很多,“买”画“制造”for来了。

解释:1、“七给”(give,pass,lend,write,show,send,hand)和“带”(bring)8个及物动词,在直接宾语前置时,必须在前面加上“to”。即“vt.+sth.+to+sb.”如:He lent some money to me.类似动词的还有:get,mail,offer,owe(借),pay,promise,read,sell,take,teach,等

2、“buy”(买);“draw”(画);“make”(制造)三个动词,在直接宾语前置时,则必须在后边加“for”,构成“vt.+sth.+for+sb.”。如:Mother bought a new dress for me。类似的动词还有:build,choose,cook,cut,do,find,fix,leave,order(订购),reach等。

3、当直接宾语是代词时,直接宾语for和to于直接宾语以后

Richard made it for him。理查德为他做的这个器械

Give it to me。把它给我

4、有些动词后可伶仃用直接宾语、直接宾语或双宾语,如ask,teach,tell,owe,pay.

I asked John.我问约翰

I asked a question.我问了一个成绩

I asked John a question.我问了约翰一个成绩

5、suggest,explain,introduce,mention,deliver,announce等动词后必须跟介词to,不克不及停止直接宾语与直接宾语的转换。

Could you explain your point of view to us?

=Could youexplain to us your point of view?

6、易错的动词

掳掠/偷或人某物:rob/steal sb. sth (缺点)

精确的说法:rob sb of sth steal sb from sth.

类似的还有:cure sb of illness 治愈或人疾病

rid sb of sth 从----中除去(不好的器械)

supply sb with sth 供给或人某物

provide sb with sth 给或人供给某物

accuse sb of sth 控告或人某事

cheat sb of sth 欺骗或人某物

inform/advise sb of sth 告诉或人某事

remind sb of sth 是或人想起某事

warn sb of sth 正告或人某情况

charge sb with sth 责备或人某事

双宾动词举例

比如说give给

说我给你一个苹果

I gave you an apple.

这里you和an apple就是双宾语.

还有双宾语bring tell take pass

I give him my pen.

I give my pen to him

The teacher tells us a story.

The teacher tells a story to us.等。

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